Colombia

Profile

Capital

Bogota D.C.

Area

1.141.748 km²

Population

48.747.632 inhab.

Population density

43 inhab/km²

Government

Presidential Republic

Language

Spanish

Currency

Peso Colombiano

HDI

0.702 (2013)

Rural Data

Rural Popullation

11.699.520 hab.

Nº rural communities

17.500

Estimate of Nº of rural systems

11.000

Estimate of Nº of service providers

9.000

The Republic of Colombia is a country located in the northwestern part of South America. It shares its eastern border with Venezuela and Brazil, to the south are Peru and Ecuador and, in the northwest, is Panama; and it shares maritime borders with Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Venezuela in the Caribbean Sea, and with Panama, Costa Rica and Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean.

Colombia is divided into 32 departments and 1102 municipalities. Colombian landscape is very diverse. Its coastline gives onto the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and then there are arid lands, deserts, valleys, the Andean mountains, plains, vast jungles. Its population is multicultural, spread across regions and ethnic groups, and its economy is mainly based on agriculture and livestock.

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